About Nepal

Location: Southern Asia, between China and India

Geographic Coordinates: 28°N, 84°E

Map References:

Total: 147,181 Sq Km
Land : 143,181 Sq Km
Water: 4,000 Sq Km

Area Comparative:
Slightly larger than Arkansas

Land Boundaries:
Total: 2,929 km border countries: China 1,236 km, India 1,690 km

0 km (landlocked)

Maritime Claims:
None (landlocked)

Varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south

Terai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south, central hill region, rugged Himalayas in north

Elevation extremes:
Lowest point: Kechana Kalan 70 m highest point: Mount Everest 8,850 m

Natural Resources:
Quartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore

Land Use:
Arable land: 21.68%, permanent crops: 0.64%, other: 77.68% (2001)

Irrigated land:
11,350 sq km (1998 est.)

Natural Hazards:
Severe thunderstorms, flooding, landslides, drought, and famine. depending on the timing, intensity, and duration of the summer

Current issues: Deforestation (overuse of wood for fuel and lack of alternatives)

Current Issues:
Contaminated water (with human and animal wastes, agricultural runoff and industrial effluents); wildlife conservation; vehicular emissions.

Environment-party to:
Bio-diversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the sea, Ozone Layer Protection.

International agreements:
Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation.

Geography Note:
Landlocked; strategic location between China and India; contains eight of world’s 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest (the world’s tallest) on the border with China